This topic is as big as the states of Alaska and Texas combined. I really cannot do it justice in a short essay, but I think it deserves some mention, if only to give the pet owner some understanding as to the difficulties involved when a veterinarian is faced with a case of possible liver failure. If you asked ten people on the street what they knew about “liver”, I would bet that the only consistent answer you would get is that it tastes really bad unless the cook really knows his stuff. The best description of the liver I can give you is that this organ is the main industrial centre of the body. The liver processes raw materials, manufactures the building blocks of the body, recycles the old to role of enzymes in diagnosis of diseases ppt new, and detoxifies the industrial waste of the body.
In short the liver is involved in just about every biochemical process required to run e body. As a result of this relationship, liver disease can affect just about any other part of the body and thus the symptoms of liver disease are typically unpredictable and non- specific. Furthermore, because the liver acts as a “biochemical cross roads” for the body, it is affected by a wide range of diseases, including viral and bacterial infections, degenerative and neoplastic disease, and toxic insults. It is estimated that three per cent of all disease seen by veterinarians is liver based. The liver has a double edged nature which, while being life preserving, makes diagnoses and treatment of liver disease extremely difficult. The liver has a tremendous reserve capacity, which means that it can easily perform it’s duties with up to 70 to 80 per cent of the liver mass affected by disease. While it certainly is a benefit that our liver can keep us alive despite an overwhelming infection or a massive tumour, it also means that the disease is well advanced and possibly untreatable before any symptoms are noted. We all know that disease is most easily conquered early, but the very nature of the liver makes this an impossible task.
One thing about livers though: they are the only organ in the body which is capable of complete regeneration and thus is we do manage to successfully treat the disease, there is a how do enzymes lose their function of complete recovery. Because of the complexity of this topic, I am going to cover it using very abbreviated point form. I will try to skip over the experimental theories and the more esoteric points and keep to the meat of the topic. All, some, or only one of these signs may be present. Intermittent recurrent abdominal or gastrointestinal upsets. Swollen belly with a “fluid filled” look. This is also known as ascites and is actually fluid accumulation in the belly due to circulation alterations in the abdomen.
Bile pigments are what gives poop it’s characteristic brown colour and if the liver is not processing bile properly, the feces will not get their colour. The improper processing of bile results in the excretion of bilirubin in the urine in high amounts, thus orange urine. Jaundice, also known as icterus. Any pale or white skin or visible tissue takes on a yellow hue. Again the biliary pigments are accumulating in the body because the gcse biology exam questions by topic is not processing them.
Many of the proteins required for proper blood clotting are created in the liver. Remove these proteins and blood clotting decreases. Hepatic encephalopathy, or severe neurological signs. May be associated with meal time. Pain associated with the abdomen. This is due to the stretching of the liver capsule. The veterinarian may also notice a swollen liver while palpating with some of the more acute liver diseases. Chronic weight loss or wasting. The liver processes all the building blocks.
If it fails to process, the body fails to maintain itself. Increased water consumption and urination. Most likely due to dramatic shifts in serum and kidney salt balances. Bile is a complex mixture of organic and catalase enzyme what does it do compounds.